The steep cost of high heels
Wearing stilettos for long periods can wreak havoc on your body
The party season is almost synonymous with stilettos and the like.
But when even queen of glam Victoria Beckham has swopped her five-inch stilettos for trainers, you know it is time to reconsider.
Keeping your heels strapped for extended periods of time can wreak havoc on your body, from high forefoot pressure to Achilles pain, said Ms Cheryl Zhang from the NUH Rehabilitation Centre.
The senior podiatrist does not recommend anything with a heel pitch (the difference between the heel height and forefoot height) of more than 1cm.
The bigger the heel pitch, the more pressure is exerted on the ball of your foot.
The most common problem associated with prolonged heel wearing is forefoot pain due to high pressure in the ball of your foot.
Wear lower heels when a lot of walking is anticipated. Ms Zhang
Skin complications such as calluses and corns can also develop due to high forefoot pressure.
The more serious problems include bruised or detached toenails from narrow or pointy shoes, short calf muscles and Achilles pain.
One of her more serious patients, Ms Zhang recalled, had severe bunion deformity and overlapping toes.
A bunion is a bony growth at the joint at the base of the big toe. It makes the toes turn at an angle, causing an unnatural pointing of the other toes and pain.
The patient also had short calf muscles and could not bear weight on the heel without any footwear.
While a short calf muscle does not pose problems when the heel is propped up, it can be uncomfortable when standing or walking around in flats as the muscle and tendon are stretched beyond their normal range of movement.
The hidden cost of adding that few extra inches to your body extends to the lower back.
Stilettos place your heels unnaturally above the toes and throw your posture out of alignment.
This decreases the stability of the wearer and places increased strain on the back as it tries to stabilise the wearer's torso.
In the long run, this leads to lower back pain.
There is no magic number when it comes to the number of hours you can be on your stilettos before you start feeling the strain.
The pain factor hinges on factors like activity level, heel height and body weight, said Ms Zhang.
But if you cannot imagine stepping out of your high heels for something more comfortable, Ms Zhang recommends the following:
- Wear lower heels when a lot of walking is anticipated.
- Avoid pointed toe boxes and consider wider and round toe boxes.
- Opt for wedges instead of stilettos, or shoes with a forefoot platform to reduce heel pitch.
- Stretch your calves daily.
EVEN A CIGARETTE A DAY CAN LEAD TO EARLY DEATH
Even smoking just one cigarette a day can greatly increase your chances of an early death, a study has found.
Researchers at the National Cancer Institute in the United States found that those who smoked an average of less than one cigarette a day had a 64 per cent higher risk of early death than those who never smoked at all.
Those who smoked between one and 10 cigarettes every day over the course of their lifetime had an 87 per cent higher risk of dying early.
The study showed there is no safe level of exposure to tobacco smoke, said the study's lead author Maki Inoue-Choi.
She added that the study provides "further evidence that smoking cessation benefits all smokers, regardless of how few cigarettes they smoke".
MORE REASONS TO SMILE
Looking on the bright side may do more than helping you get through trying times. You might actually live longer too.
A Harvard University study found that women with an optimistic outlook were less likely to die from several causes of death.
Those who ranked in the top quarter of optimism had a 52 per cent lower risk of dying from infection, a 39 per cent lower risk of dying from stroke, a 38 per cent lower risk of dying from heart or respiratory disease, and a 16 per cent lower risk of dying from cancer.
This is not the first study to link optimism to health benefits, but it is the first time positive thinking has been associated with protection from major illnesses.