GETTING SPECIES BACK TO UBIN
Pulau Ubin houses one of the richest diversity of plant species in Singapore, some of which are found only on the island.
A few species have been picked for a species recovery programme.
Eye of the Crocodile
- Eye of the Crocodile (Bruguiera hainesii) - There are only 200 specimens in the world, but Singapore has about 11 of them.
- Jamba (Neuwiedia veratrifolia) - Found only on Pulau Ubin, it is a locally critically endangered plant. The terrestrial orchid will be reintroduced into the reforestation sites and research will be done on its propagation methods.
- Tape seagrass (Enhalus acoroides) and Sickle seagrass (Thalassia hemprichii) - Experiments in transplanting these rare species will be conducted by NParks and TeamSeaGrass volunteers. Seagrass beds provide nursery and food for animals such as dugongs or sea cows. The Chek Jawa wetlands area houses one of the three largest seagrass meadows in Singapore.
Bat boxes and houses will be designed and constructed by polytechnic students for bats to establish their habitats in the area.
Bats are important in reforestation as they help pollinate and disperse seeds.
Lesser False Vampire Bat
The Ashy Roundleaf Bat (Hipposideros cineraceus) is found only on Pulau Ubin and the Lesser False Vampire Bat is found only on Ubin and Pulau Tekong.
A Smooth-Coated Otter
Otter holts, or dens, will be constructed to help otters breed. There are two species found on Ubin - the Smooth-Coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) and the Oriental Small-Clawed Otter (Aonyx cinerea).
Video cameras will be installed around their dens to allow public viewing and also for scientific studies on their behaviour.
Red Wattled Lapwing
- Red Wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus) - These birds lay their eggs on stony areas with short grass. Such a landscape would be provided to attract them to nest.
A Baya Weaver
- Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus) - These birds prefer nesting on trees or palms so more of these trees will be planted.
- Blue-throated Bee-eater (Merops viridis) - Sand mounds will be created for them to nest. Artificial boxes will also be installed.
- Herons - Wetlands will be established to aid the nesting and roosting of birds such as herons. The Pekan Quarry has been earmarked as a site for this. Floating wetlands and nesting platforms will be installed to draw in other birds such as crakes, rails and kingfishers, as well as dragonflies and frogs.