ISIS over the years
Led by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, ISIS wants to establish an Islamic state in Iraq and Syria by eliminating the Shiite-led Iraqi central government and Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
- 2003: ISIS has its roots as a branch of Al-Qaeda, known as the Al-Qaeda in Iraq. It came to light soon after the US-led invasion in Iraq.
- 2006: The group officially establishes itself as the Islamic State in Iraq, or ISI. Abu Bakr becomes the leader of ISI after two emirs who were next in line were killed in an operation. They claim to be a state instead of a jihadi group, and calls for the allegiance of all jihadi groups.
- 2013: ISI renames itself as the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham, also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) after it conquers territories from rival groups like Syria-based al-Nusra Front and other Al-Qaeda affiliates.
- 2014: ISIS declares the establishment of a caliphate known as the Islamic State, with its leader Abu Bakr as the caliph. It announces that Muslims all around the world must pledge their allegiance to the new caliph.
Source: Dr Fanar Haddad