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WHAT IS BILIARY ATRESIA?

Biliary atresia is a life-threatening condition in infants in which the bile ducts, which carry bile from the liver to the gall bladder, do not work properly.

With biliary atresia, bile becomes trapped, building up and damaging the liver.

Without treatment, the liver eventually fails and the infant needs a liver transplant to survive.

Supash's doctor, Associate Professor Marion Aw, a senior consultant at National University Hospital's division of paediatric gastroenterology, hepatology and nutrition, told TNP earlier that the boy's condition is serious.

Most children with this condition have a 90 per cent chance of dying by their second or third birthday, Prof Aw added.

HOW TO BE AN ORGAN DONOR?

Potential donors must be healthy with no illness and history of medication, said Professor K.K. Madhavan, the co-director of the National University Centre for Organ Transplantation.

They need to be of the same blood group or of a compatible blood group with the recipient, and have to undergo tests such as blood tests, X-rays and CT scans to assess their suitability.

Those found to be suitable will be further assessed by a National Transplant Ethics Committee, which will decide if a transplant can take place.