What you should do with your child in a car
Rear-facing car seat
Birth to Age two*
Buckle infants and children under two in a rear-facing seat until they reach the weight or height limit of the seat. Rear-facing car seats offer the most protection during a collision, said Mr Gerard Pereira."Upon impact, the infant will not fly out of the car seat."
Forward-facing car seat
Age two to five*
When the children get bigger, buckle them in a forward-facing car seat until they are at least five or they reach the weight or height limit of the seat.
Age five to until seat belts fit properly*
Children above five should use booster seats until the seat belt fits properly without booster seats.
Seat belts fit properly without booster seats*
The lap belt should lay across the upper thighs and shoulder belt should lay across the chest and not the neck.
*Apart from their child's age, parents should also consider the size of their child when choosing the appropriate child restraint, said Mr Gerard Pereira of the Singapore Safety Driving Centre. "Asian children tend to be smaller."
WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
Scenario 1 Not wearing seat belt
If the child is not wearing a seat belt during a crash, the impact will throw him or her across the car or even into the windscreen, causing serious injuries, even at 50kmh.
Scenario 2 Child in the back seat, facing forwards
If a child is too small for the car seat, he or she may still get injured in a crash, said Mr Gerard Pereira. The impact of a collision will jolt the child forwards and cause injuries like fractures.
Scenario 3 Child in front seat, facing forwards
When the airbag is activated in a collision, it may injure the child, said Mr Pereira, who does not recommend placing child restraints in the front seat. A child's neck is vulnerable in a frontal collision as it is not fully developed.
Scenario 4 Child in front seat, facing backwards
The airbag deployed in a crash may cause serious injury to the child as it will hit the back of the child seat with considerable force, pushing it up against the front seat and the head rest.