World

Rohingya refugee figures 'exaggerated' by media

Myanmar army chief says military response is 'proportionate'

YANGON: The media has "exaggerated" the number of Rohingya refugees fleeing an army crackdown, Myanmar's commander-in-chief said yesterday, in a brash rebuttal of accusations of ethnic cleansing by his forces.

Some 520,000 Rohingya have fled Myanmar's Rakhine state since Aug 25, when the military launched a sweeping campaign against militants from the Muslim minority. The crackdown has been so intense that the United Nations has accused Myanmar of trying to purge its entire Rohingya population.

A new UN report released on Wednesday described the army-led crackdown as "well organised, coordinated and systematic, with the intent of not only driving the population out of Myanmar but preventing them from returning to their homes".

Half of Myanmar's Rohingya have bolted over the last seven weeks, fleeing incinerated villages to join what has become the world's largest refugee camp in neighbouring Bangladesh.

Thousands more are trying to escape, massing on beaches and hoping to cross the Naf River before they run out of food.

But in a Facebook post on his official page yesterday, army chief Min Aung Hlaing was unrepentant, describing the military response as proportionate and playing down the scale of the exodus.

It is an "exaggeration to say that the number of Bengalis fleeing to Bangladesh is very large", the post quoted him as saying, using a pejorative term for the Rohingya that classifies them as illegal immigrants.

Instead, he blamed "instigation and propaganda" by the media, which has become a punching bag for anger inside Myanmar, a Buddhist-majority country where there is little sympathy for the Rohingya.

DIRE

The humanitarian needs of the refugees who have made it to Bangaldesh are immense with limited food, shelter and the threat of a disease outbreak deepening by the day.

But the Senior General, who rights groups have said carries personal responsibility for the crisis, insisted the Rohingya are merely returning to their motherland.

"The native place of Bengalis is really Bengal," he said.

"They might have fled to the other country with the same language, race and culture as theirs by assuming that they would be safer there."

He also reiterated the army's view on the contested history of the Rohingya, saying they were moved in from Bangladesh by British colonialists and have no legitimate claim to lineage on Myanmar soil.

While immigration increased under British rule, historians have said that Muslim communities were recorded living in the Rakhine region long before the colonial era.

His comments followed a meeting with US Ambassador to Myanmar Scot Marciel, who according to the post "expressed concern" over the refugees and offered to help aid efforts.

 

This week, an AFP reporter on a rare government-steered trip to the conflict-hit Rakhine heard testimony from Rohingya villagers who are scared and running out of food.

They said ethnic Rakhine Buddhist villagers are trying to starve them out of their homes.

The authorities are providing supplies to the Rohingya left behind, said Mr Min Aung Hlaing, glibly adding that food is plentiful in Rakhine where "fish can easily be caught". - AFP

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