Valuation is a main worry despite Wall Street hitting new highs
NEW YORK: The US stock market's surge since the election has reignited a debate on valuation and whether the market can go higher still after hitting some significant milestones.
The Dow on Wednesday soared above 21,000 points for the first time following President Donald Trump's first major address to Congress.
After pulling back on Thursday, stocks tentatively resumed the upward climb on Friday, finishing slightly higher.
Analysts say Mr Trump's more conciliatory tone during his Tuesday night congressional address lifted hopes he will win approval for tax cuts and other growth measures strongly backed by the market.
Market watchers are also heartened by improving US data on jobs, consumer confidence and service sector activity.
That better economic data has permitted investors to bid stocks higher in spite of red flags on Mr Trump's approach to trade, immigration, foreign policy and other issues.
Still, some analysts suspect the market is near a top.
"When you look at valuations today, it's hard to see it going up eight or 10 per cent unless earnings go up a lot," said Mr David Levy, portfolio manager at Republic Wealth Advisors.
"On a short-term basis, the market is extremely overbought."
Many market watchers assess valuation with the price-to-earnings ratio, a benchmark of total market capitalisation to earnings.
That ratio now stands at almost 30, its highest level since 2002 following a 12 per cent rise in the S&P 500 since the election.
"The best argument for avoiding US stocks is simple: valuation," Mr Nicholas Colas, chief market strategist at the Convergex brokerage, said in a note earlier this week.
Mr Colas' analysis looked at the S&P 500's performance since 2002, concluding that while the annual growth rate of 7 per cent lagged the increase over a longer period of time, it was still "nicely positive".
But those gains were made possible in large part due to low interest rates enacted after the 2008 financial crisis.
Current low interest rates are a main reason "we are not in a bubble territory or anything of the sort", investor Warren Buffett told CNBC earlier this week.
"Measured against interest rates, stocks actually are on the cheap side compared to historic valuations," Mr Buffett said.
"But the risk always is that interest rates go up a lot, and that brings stocks down."
The Federal Reserve expects to raise the benchmark lending rate multiple times in 2017, perhaps as soon as this month. - AFP