Property stocks on the rise
Recent adjustments to cooling measures unlikely to lift sales but real estate stocks have different outlook
Hours after announcements last Friday that two residential property curbs would be eased, major real estate developers City Developments, CapitaLand and UOL Group led gains on the Straits Times Index, surging at least 4 per cent.
An index of 44 Singapore real estate companies - the FTSE ST Real Estate Index - rallied to its highest point since July 2015, reported the Business Times.
The jump in property stocks comes just after the Government announced "calibrated adjustments" to property cooling measures.
Two rules, the seller stamp duty and total debt servicing ratio (TDSR), were relaxed from March 11.
But even before this boost to the sluggish property market was announced, property stocks have already been on the rise.
According to a Singapore Exchange (SGX) report last month, the SGX Real Estate Developers & Operators Index has returned 12.4 per cent in the 2017 year through to Feb 13, outperforming the broader STI's 8.2 per cent gain.
On a 12-month basis, the Index has returned 34.7 per cent, compared to the STI's 22.5 per cent.
The report also noted that real estate management and development stocks have led the real estate sector in the first six weeks of this year, which is a turn from 2016, when Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) led the sector.
While the growth in outstanding housing loans has moderated, it is prudent for households to further build up their financial buffers to protect against future interest rate increases or any losses in income.A Government spokesman
And there are bargains to be found in the sector.
The price-to-book (P/B) ratio of the FTSE ST Real Estate Holding & Development Index (which has a comparatively long history of metrics) is currently at 0.71x.
SGX noted: "The FTSE ST Real Estate Holding & Development Index P/B ratio spent much of 2016 near or below 0.66x, one standard deviation below the long term average P/B of 0.83x. With the rally over the first six weeks of 2017, the P/B ratio has since moved up to 0.71x, which is still some 17 per cent below the long term average of 0.83x."
The upbeat response of property stock investors are a stark contrast to the reactions of many analysts and perhaps even property buyers.
PhillipCapital analysts Peter Ng and Tan Dehong think that the easing of these two rules were unlikely to uplift sales in private housing units, as they think that the 60 per cent TDSR framework and Additional Buyers' Stamp Duty (ABSD) are the property cooling measures that would lead to a "meaningful boost" to take-up rates.
The ABSD is levied on Singaporean owners of at least one residential property, and foreigners and permanent residents buying residential properties.
DBS analysts agreed that the direct impact on the property market would be marginal, but they think that the Government's move could have the "signalling effect" of a change in policy stance, which would lead to expectations of further relaxations ahead.
In a report on Monday, they wrote: "Such expectations will definitely have an indirect impact on prices, although the market will also have to consider the potential 'cooling' effect of higher interest rates ahead."
The Government, too, has reiterated that the current set of property market measures remain necessary to promote a sustainable residential property market and financial prudence among households.
In a press release last Friday, it pointed out that demand in the private property market remains firm, due in part to the low interest rates and continued income growth.
Explaining why the ABSD and LTV limits will be retained, the spokesman said: "While the growth in outstanding housing loans has moderated, it is prudent for households to further build up their financial buffers to protect against future interest rate increases or any losses in income."
But the analysts have upgraded their ratings for some property stocks, in anticipation of further relaxation to property cooling measures.
Analysts from PhillipCapital think that the earliest the 60 per cent TDSR framework and ABSD will be unwound is 2018 in view of the peak supply in properties between 2017 and 2018, as well as the rising interest rate environment.
"We have upgraded our sector weighting to 'Neutral'," they added.
OCBC analyst Eli Lee thinks that the timing of the easing of property curbs was not a complete surprise.
He said: "The Singapore Government has over the last three cycles a near unbroken record of actively reviewing property legislations against its goals of price stability, and historically began reversing curbs after homes prices had dipped between 8 per cent to 17 per cent from the peak.
Property transaction changes not meant to impact retail investors
Last Friday, Minister for National Development Lawrence Wong, who is also the Second Minister for Finance, introduced legislative changes in Parliament aimed at treating residential property transactions on the same basis, whether the properties are transacted directly or through a transfer of equity interest in an entity holding residential properties.
Significant owners of residential property-holding entities will be subject to the usual stamp duties when they transfer equity interest in such entities, similar to what would happen if they were to buy or sell the properties directly.
In a press release, the Government reiterated that the intent was not to impact the ordinary buying and selling of shares in such entities by retail investors, where the entities are listed on the Singapore Stock Exchange.
Currently, direct purchase of a residential property incurs buyer's stamp duty of 3 per cent. Depending on the buyer's citizenship, up to 15 per cent additional buyer's stamp duty (ABSD) is imposed.
But the buying of shares in a firm which owns the property incurs a share duty tax of only 0.2 per cent of the firm's net asset value.
The Government's move comes after several high-profile property transactions via transfer of shares.
Veteran banker Wee Cho Yaw made headlines in January for buying 45 unsold units at upmarket condominium The Nassim from CapitaLand for $411.6 million.
The Government’s move comes after several high-profile property transactions via transfer of shares.
The deal was made through the purchase of a 100 per cent stake in Nassim Hill Realty, reported the Straits Times. - LINETTE HENG