Race-based data can help ensure no group is left behind: Indranee
Data categorised by ethnicity remains relevant to Singapore and is done with the "best of intentions", to ensure no group is inadvertently left behind and to know where to intervene with help.
Explaining why population data is broken down by ethnicity, Minister in the Prime Minister's Office Indranee Rajah said at a media briefing on the release of Singapore's population census yesterday: "To the extent that any group may not be doing as well as any others in any areas, then it tells us that as a society and in terms of policy, we should do something to try and make sure that we can bridge any gap."
The census is conducted every decade by the Department of Statistics. Its latest findings showed that the ethnic composition of the resident population has remained stable - with 74.3 per cent Chinese, 13.5 per cent Malays and 9 per cent Indians.
Ms Indranee, who oversees the National Population and Talent Division, was asked if it was useful to continue presenting data according to ethnicity rather than socio-economic indicators like income - particularly when the figures might reveal stark disparities.
In the area of education, for example, the proportion of university graduates last year was 34.7 per cent for the Chinese, 10.8 per cent for Malays and 41.3 per cent for Indians.
Ms Indranee said such questions assume "all will be well" in the absence of such breakdowns.
"If you didn't have this data, then let's say that a particular ethnic group was not doing well compared with the others, you would have no idea how many (people), you would have no idea in what areas, you wouldn't know whether the problem was education or whether the problem was something else," she explained.
"All you would have is just one big block of data... And you would not, for example, be able to reach or address those groups in a way that is meaningful to them."
She acknowledged the importance of not presenting such race-based data in a manner that leads to divisiveness or finger-pointing.
Ms Indranee added that she had noticed social media conversations often pinpoint the few instances where the Government relies on race-based data, but without the full picture.
In school, for instance, if students are not faring well, basic remedial classes are offered to students of all races.
"It's (only) a small subset where they may come from family backgrounds where the parents speak only in the vernacular, where there are certain issues that may be tied to ethnicity or culture," she noted.
"And the only way you're able to address them is on their own terms, which is through their own cultural and ethnic lens, and that was the basic thinking behind setting up the self-help groups."
There are four race-based self-help groups: the Chinese Development Assistance Council, the Singapore Indian Development Association (Sinda), Yayasan Mendaki and the Eurasian Association.
Ms Indranee, who is Sinda president, said that events of the past few weeks have shown that being multiracial, multi-religious and multilingual was still very important to Singapore.
One of these was a video showing a Chinese man making racist remarks at a mixed-race couple. Another was a clip of a Chinese woman interrupting her neighbour's Hindu prayers.
Ms Indranee said racism has existed since the dawn of time - and as a matter of concern for Singapore since its independence.
"It is an ugly thing. We shouldn't have it. You have to fight against it. It comes up from time to time because people have frustrations, they may have personal angst," she said.
"When we see it, we should deal with it firmly."