President Xi now ranks alongside Mao

This article is more than 12 months old

China Communist Party enshrines 'Xi Jinping Thought' in party constitution

BEIJING China's ruling Communist Party enshrined President Xi Jinping's political thought into its constitution yesterday, putting him in the same company as the founder of modern China, Mao Zedong, and cementing his power.

The party passed the amendment to include "Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era" as one of its guiding principles at the end of its week-long congress, Reuters reported.

Today, the party will announce its new Standing Committee, the apex of power in China.

The current committee is made up of seven people.

Also included in the amended constitution was the party's "absolute" leadership over the military, that the fight against corruption will continue, Mr Xi's Belt and RoadInitiative, supply-side reforms, and the "decisive role" of market forces in resource allocation.

"The congress holds that the leadership of the Communist Party of China is the most essential attribute of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the greatest strength of this system," the party said in a statement.

Whether Mr Xi was able to have his name "crowned" in the party constitution had been seen as a key measure of his power, elevating him to the level of previous leaders exemplified by Mao Zedong Thought and Deng Xiaoping Theory.

No other leader since Mao has had an eponymous ideology included in the document while in office. Deng's name was added after his death in 1997, according to Reuters.

Mr Xi's recent predecessors, Mr Jiang Zemin and Mr Hu Jintao, both had the party constitution amended to include their guiding thoughts but without their names directly attached.

Mr Xi has rapidly consolidated power since assuming party leadership in late 2012 and then the presidency the next year.

The party gave Mr Xi the title of "core" leader a year ago, a significant strengthening of his position ahead of the congress, which is held once every five years.

The party also announced a new Central Committee, the largest of its elite ruling bodies. It did not include anti-corruption czar and current Standing Committee member Wang Qishan, meaning he will not be on the new Standing Committee.

However, he could be given another role that is not yet decided or retire.

Mr Liu He, one of Mr Xi's closest financial advisers, will continue in the Central Committee, a signal the leaders aren't looking to make significant changes to economic policy as they begin a new five-year term.

politicsXi JinpingChina